Inland are the Western Ghats, mountains whose slopes support tea, coffee and spice plantations as well as wildlife. National parks like Eravikulam and Periyar, plus Wayanad and other sanctuaries, are home to elephants, langur monkeys and tigers.
Population: 34.8 million (2012)
Destinations: Kochi, Munnar, Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, more
Colleges and Universities: University of Calicut, more